From Sea to Sea XIX

(notes by David Page, drawing on the work of the ORG Editors)

Publication History

The edited text largely corresponds with that first published in the Pioneer of 9 November 1889 although the first part is omitted.

Notes on the Text

[Epigraph, page 417] A rose-red city, half as old as Time. The last line of a sonnet on the ancient Jordanian city of Petra by John William Burgon (1813-1888).


[Page 417, line 6] Nikko The town is at the entrance to the Nikko National Park.

[Page 418, line 13] pillared shade a quotation from Paradise Lost, Book IX, by John Milton (1608-1674).

[Page 418, line 19] Eblis the principal evil spirit or devil of Islamic mythology.

[Page 418, line 24] Ohio’s Kipling’s way of writing o-hayoo. Its literal meaning is ‘honourably early’, and is used to mean ‘good morning’. [ H.C./G.W.]

[Page 419, line 5] blood-red bridge is the Mi Hashi spanning the Daiya-gawa, a stream about 40 feet wide, which was first put up in 1638. Kipling has invented the story that he tells about the bridge in the subsequent paragraph. [ H.C./G.W.]
See this web-site..

[Page 420, line 8] the red Aravallis are a range of hills in India north-west of Udaipur in Rajputana (Rajasthan). Kipling describes his visit to the area in Letters of Marque.


[Page 420, line 22] small Buddhas As Kipling noted, these are not Buddhas but are stone images of Jizo-hosatsu (or Bodhisattva) at Kanman-ga-fuchi near Nikko. [ H.C./G.W.]

[Page 421, line 18] bands two oblong pieces of cloth worn at the neck by a clergyman.

[Page 421, line 21] Shinto see note to Letter No.XIII, page 342, line 3

[Page 421, lines 30 & 31] the Strid near Bolton The Strid is a section of the River Wharfe near Bolton Abbey in Yorkshire, where the river is forced into a deep fast-flowing narrow channel. At the narrowest point the Strid is only about seven feet wide.

Kipling had mentioned the Strid in his earlier story “Pig” in Plain Tales from the Hills when writing of a feud between two Anglo-Indians:

… a Dalesman from beyond Skipton will forgive an injury when the Strid lets a man live; but a South Devon man is as soft as a Dartmoor bog.

See also this web-site.

[Page 422, line 2] soapstone A soft stone (steatite), easily carved.

[Page 423, line 14] godown a warehouse for goods and stores. The word was in constant use in the Chinese ports as well as in India. The word is derived from Malayan gadong. The earliest equivalent example quoted in
is of “Gudam” in 1513.

[Page 423, line 24] three apes this Toshugu shrine is the Tokugawa Mausoleum. Photographs of the shrine together with a detail of the three monkeys can be seen at
this web-site. Also the Sleeping Cat mentioned on page 426.

[Page 425, line 12] lakhs a lakh is the Indian word for 100,000, with Kipling probably thinking of rupees. At that time one lakh of rupees was equivalent to £6,666., a very large sum in 1889, worth some £400,000 in 2010.


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