Kipling and History



(1) Kipling Journal, vol. 81, no. 323 (September 2007) pp. 21-43.

(2) Something of Myself, (Macmillan, Library Edition of the Works of Rudyard Kipling, 1937) p. 186.

(3) Life’s Handicap (London, 1891) pp. 399-407.

(4) Henry James, “The Jolly Corner”, first published in The English Review, 1908.

(5) Andrew Lycett, Rudyard Kipling (London 1999) p. 357.

(6) She wrote: ‘Parnesius gave me my first feeling for Roman Britain, filling my small opening mind with a splendour as of distant trumpets, long before I had the least idea what the Roman Empire was all about.’ (Rosemary Sutcliff, Rudyard Kipling, London 1960, p. 53).

(7) Puck of Pook’s Hill (Puck of Pook’s Hill) (London, 1906) p. 6.

(8) Something of Myself, p. 190

(9) Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 36

(10) Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 119

(11) Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 107.

(12) E.A. Freeman,

The History of the Norman Conquest of England

(Oxford, 1875) vol. Iii, pp. 758-9; J.H. Round, “Feudal England”, (London, 1895), pp. 333-40.

(13) Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 39.

(14) Frank Barlow, “Edward Augustus Freeman”, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 20, p. 922; C.R.L. Fletcher and Rudyard Kipling, A School History of England (Oxford, 1911) p. 46.

(15) Many Inventions (London, 1901), pp. 95-135. In this tale RK’s narrator meets a bankclerk who, it gradually emerges, was a Greek galley-slave and a Norse voyager in earlier incarnations. The device curiously foreshadows the scheme of “Puck”, for in this story too the living meets the interesting dead.

(16) Something of Myself, p. 189.

(17) Sutcliff, op. cit., p. 34; Actions and Reactions (London, 1909) pp. 261-301.

(18) Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 29.

(19) Angus Wilson, The Strange Ride of Rudyard Kipling, (London, Pimlico edition 1994), p. 293

(20) Cf. “As Easy as A.B.C.” and “McDougall’s Song” (first published in 1912), A Diversity of Creatures (London, 1917), pp. 1-44.

(21) Puck of Pook’s Hill, pp. 296-7.

(22) Charles Carrington, Rudyard Kipling: his life and work (London, 1955) p.381, and
about Parnesius, KJ 166 and 167.

(23) See Peter Salway, Roman Britain (Oxford, 1981), p. 405, n.4.

(24) Carrington, “Pedantry”, p.8.

(25) Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 139. This poem appears as the prologue to the Parnesius chapters.

(26) David Gilmour, The Long Recessional (London, 2002) p. 173.

(27) See Puck of Pook’s Hill, pp. 141-2

(28) Ibid., p. 160.

(29) See The Second Jungle Book, passim, and “The Tomb of his Ancestors”, The Day’s Work (London, 1898; reset uniform edition, 1931) pp. 102-147; Puck of Pook’s Hill p. 226.

(30) Puck of Pook’s Hill p. 163.

(31) KJ 258 pp. 16-17.

(32) Something of Myself, p. 110; Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 189.

(33) Puck of Pook’s Hill, p. 229.

(34) Norman MacDougall, “Andrew Barton”, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography vol. 4, p.190.

(35) Rewards and Fairies (London, pocket edition, reset 1952) p.224.

(36) Puck of Pook’s Hill, pp. 237, 233.

(37) Ibid., p. 258.

(38) Ibid., p. 267.

(39) Ibid., pp. 267-8.

(40) Eamon Duffy, The Stripping Of The Altars (New Haven, 1992).

(41) Carrington, Rudyard Kipling, is unhelpful (p. 378): he seems to have misread Something of Myself, pp. 109-111, for he garbles its plain statements; Lycett says nothing on the point.

(42) See, for example, Rewards and Fairies p. 28; also Something of Myself, p. 190.

(43) Something of Myself, p. 111. His depiction of eighteenth-century Senecas (an Iroquois nation from the Great Lakes region) is, in particular, certain to annoy any knowledgeable American or Americanist. For instance, the Iroquois did not then wear the great feathered war-bonnets of the Sioux (Rewards and Fairies p. 190).

(44) Rewards and Fairies, p. 111.

(45) RK to Edward Lucas White, 13 December 1910, Letters iii (Ed. Pinney) 467-8. By a slip of the pen RK wrote “rose” for “rave”(or his editor misread his writing). But there can be no doubt about what he meant.

(46) Something of Myself p. 191.

(47) Rewards and Fairies pp. 247-76. Sir George Engel has given us a valuable account of RK and Culpeper:
“Excellent Herbs had our Fathers of Old”. KJ 306 pp. 34-49.

(48) Rewards and Fairies pp. 181-212, “A Priest in Spite of Himself”.

(49) Duff Cooper, Talleyrand (London, 1932) p. 81.

(50) Something of Myself, p. 191.

(51) Rewards and Fairies pp. 57-80, “The Wrong Thing.”

(52) Something of Myself, p. 191.

(53) Lycett, p. 383.

(54) Debits and Credits (London, 1926) pp. 139-141.

(55) RK to C.R.L. Fletcher, 24 May, 1907, Letters, iii (Ed. Pinney) p. 238.

(56) RK to C.R.L. Fletcher, 17 February 1909, ibid., p. 362.

(57) Gilmour, p. 177.

(58) See RK to Fletcher, 18-21 May, 1910, Letters iii (Ed. Pinney) pp. 429-30, 444; late December, 1911, iv 8081.

(59) “The Land” was published in 1917, in A Diversity Of Creatures, pp. 62-8, as a complement to the story, “Friendly Brook”, and internal evidence (the allusion to “Georgii Quinti Anno Sexto”) shows that the dramatic date of the poem is 1916; but the feel of the poem is strongly pre-war: its central theme is the essentially changeless nature of the English farming countryside, which Kipling seems unlikely to have thought of during the Great War, as, during that war, for the first time, English agricultural production was brought under the direction and control of the national government. Perhaps the Latin originally read “Georgii Quinti Anno Tertio…”.

(60) Something of Myself, pp. 191-2.

(61) RK to Fletcher, 12 July 1918; not in Letters; quoted by Lycett, p. 457.

(62) Rudyard Kipling, The Irish Guards In the Great War (2 vols., London 1923) vol. i, p. vi.

(63) Edmund Blunden, review of IG in The Nation and Athenaeum, 28 April 1923; excerpt given
in Roger Lancelyn Green, Kipling: the Critical Heritage (London, 1971) p. 332.

(64) The Irish Guards In the Great War vol. i, p. vi.

(65) Ibid., p. xi.

(66) The Irish Guards In the Great War vol. ii, p. 225.

(67) Ibid., vol. i. p. viii.

(68) Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell To Arms. [quotation to follow]

(69) The Irish Guards In the Great War vol. i., pp. Xiii-xiv.

(70) The Irish Guards In the Great War, vol. Ii, p. 216.

(71) “The Eye of Allah”, Debits and Credits, pp. 365-94; “The Church that was at Antioch”, Limits And Renewals (London, pocket edition 1932) pp. 89-114; “The Manner of Men”, ibid., pp. 225-250.

(72) Actions and Reactions pp. 258-9.

(73) RK to Percy Bates, 15 August 1929, Letters (Ed Pinney) vol. v., pp. 494-5.


©Hugh Brogan 2007 All rights reserved