A Song of French Roads

(notes by Philip Holberton)



First published in the Strand Magazine in London. in May 1924, and later in the New York World. Collected in:

  • Inclusive Verse (1927)
  • Definitive Verse (1940)
  • Sussex Edition vol. 35 p. 252
  • Burwash Edition vol. 28
  • Cambridge Edition (2013 Ed. Pinney) p. 1402


This light-hearted poem was composed when the Kiplings were on holiday in France in the Spring of 1923. This was their fourth postwar trip, though they had made similar tours before the war, as Charles Carrington (p. 414) notes:

Every January from 1909 until the outbreak of war they travelled by steamer and train to Engelberg or St. Moritz … Then, when John had returned to school, the other three toured the Continent.

Andrew Lycett (pp. 514-5) describes the poem’s origin:

By the end of the month [March 1923] the author felt fit enough to sail, via Gibraltar, to the Mediterranean port of Toulon, where his chauffeur Taylor met him with the Duchess (all the Kiplings’ Rollses were now called the Duchess)…

Along the way he amused himself with composing “A Song of French Roads”, which applauded the French (Napoleonic, indeed) genius which had created the orderly system of routes nationales.

Notes on the Text


“The National Roads of France are numbered throughout, and
carry their numbers upon each kilometre stone. By following these indications, comprehensible even to strangers …”
the quotation from a French guide-book that inspired the poem.

Verse 1

So numbered by Napoleon: The numbering system of the Routes Nationales, one of the first in the world, was introduced by Napoleon on 16 December 1811

Verses 2 and 3

These verses describe the numbered roads in northern France where the British fought in the Great War.

Verse 3

swift as shell-hole poppies pass   The poppies are flowering on Great War battlefields,as the Kiplings hasten past in their car.

Verse 4

Mont Louis: a mountain in the Pyrenees in southwest France near Bourg-Madame.

the Landes: an area of pine forest southwest of Bordeaux.

Orleans gate: leading south out of Paris

Versailles: a suburb southwest of Paris and the site of one of the great palaces of France.

Verse 5

Blaye: a small town in the wine region of Bordeaux

Verse 6

Langon: a small town in the Landes

ninety to the lawless hour: lawless indeed – three times the legal limit! In 1923. The speed limit in France was 30 km/hr in open country and 20 km/hr in built-up areas. 90 km/hr (56 mph)seems to have been a magic figure for Kipling at about that time.

In his story “The Bull that Thought”: published in 1924, Kipling tests his car on a road ‘westward from a town by the Mouths of the Rhone … so mathematically straight, so barometrically level, that it ranks among the world’s measured miles and motorists use it for records.’

They make the run at night, perhaps to avoid the police. A distinguished Frenchman who comes as an observer has had a bet with the chauffeur (Kipling never drove himself). “I bet him – ah – two to one she would not touch ninety kilometres. It was proved that she could.” (Debits and Credits, p. 210).

Verse 7

Fontarabia: now Hondarribia. The first town in Spain going south from Hendaye.

Bidassoa: the river which forms the boundary between France and Spain.

Verse 8

The long control     Perhaps the sense is that given at OED, ‘control, n’.’, 7:  [D..H.]



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