A Book of Words

Selections from speeches and addresses delivered between 1906 and 1927


XXIX

"Fiction"

Royal Literary Society
New Prince’s Galleries, Piccadilly
7 July 1926.



Notes edited
by Leonee Ormond

Introduction
The speech
Notes on XXVIII
Notes on XXX


[April 1st 2011]

Publication

Published in The Times, 8 July 1926, page 18. Collected in A Book of Words, Macmillan, London, 1928.

Background

Kipling was receiving the Gold Medal of the Royal Literary Society. Lord Balfour, the former Prime Minister, was in the Chair and spoke before Kipling paying tribute to him, recalling how he had admired Kipling’s writing since the 1880s:

Mr Kipling’s works were all marked with a peculiar stamp of individual genius, in his case wholly unmistakable.
[The Times, 8 July 1926, page 18]



There were many well-known writers in the audience, including Marjorie Bowen, John Buchan, G. K.Chesterton and Vita Sackville West.



Writing to his daughter on 13 July, Kipling told her that, with Caroline, he had spent:

...nearly all last week in town, and, as you know, the beastly speech was part of the show. The thing that I enjoyed most was sitting next to Balfour and hearing him talk. He is the youngest thing that I have met in a long while. It was a deadly dull proceeding otherwise, and the medal is not worn round the neck. It weighs nearly seven ounces, and is officially marked as “18 carat gold”. So that will always be something to fall back upon.
[Letters, (Ed. Thomas Pinney) vol 5. p. 305]
Kipling said that fiction came before truth, as it would be impossible to define truth until someone had told a story. There are no barriers in fiction, the writer can tell of anything he chooses. Most writers of fiction hope for immortality but it is impossible for a writer to gauge what will survive of his work. Balfour’s speech might encourage Kipling to hope for a favourable outcome.



Notes on the text

(the page and line numbers below refer to the
Uniform Edition of A Book of Words Macmillan, London 1928)


[Page 282 line 2] Lord Balfour Arthur, first Earl of Balfour (1848-1930), Conservative Prime Minister, 1902-05.

[Page 284 line 10] Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), published in 1726. Swift was Dean of St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin from 1713. He was a witty and merciless satirist of the society of his day. Ann Weygandt (p. 63) notes that:

Swift’s personality interested him [Kipling] as well as his writings, as his characterization of him in “Fiction” shows … It is interesting to note that "The Propagation of Knowledge" (Debits and Credits) in which mention is made of Swift’s fear that he would die at the top (p. 238), first appeared in January 1926.


[Page 284 lines 11-12] some baby-talk in some love-letters Swift wrote to Esther Johnson (‘Stella’) in baby language.

[Page 284 line 33] Chaucer Geoffrey Chaucer (?1340-1400) Geoffrey (1340?-1400), poet, best known for The Canterbury Tales (1475). Kipling knew his works well. His tale "Dayspring Mishandled" (1928) in Limits and Renewals turns on a forged passage of Chaucer, which Kipling drafted most convincingly.

For a discussion of the implications of Kipling’s reference to literature after Chaucer see Weygandt, p. 18.



[L.O.]

©Leonee Ormond 2011 All rights reserved