[September 3rd 2016]
Published in The Times 4 July 1925, p 9. Collected in A Book of Words, Macmillan, London, 1928.
Kipling was admitted to the Stationers’ Company as an Honorary Freeman on this occasion, as were Lord Balfour (1848-1930), the former Conservative Prime-Minister, and J.M.Barrie (1860-1937), author of many plays, including "Peter Pan", in recognition of their services to Literature.
Kipling wrote to his daughter Elsie the next day that 'I said my little piece which went off all right’. [Letters, (Ed. Thomas Pinney) vol 5. p. 242]. During the dinner, when he sat between Balfour and Lady Bland-Sutton at the high table, Kipling scribbled a verse upon Balfour’s programme. Balfour had published "A Defence of Philosophic Doubt" in 1879, and Kipling wrote:
The Foundations of Philosophic DoubtAs David Gilmour notes (p. 181), Kipling liked Balfour personally, but was unimpressed by effete aristocrats in politics. Balfour had once attended the Eton and Harrow cricket match in preference to a meeting with the Kaiser, a priority close to that of Kipling's rhyme.
In his speech, Kipling talked of the development of paper and printing and of the effect of this development. Literature, he told his audience, is the only human activity which ‘withstands time’.
(the page and line numbers below refer to the
Uniform Edition of A Book of Words Macmillan, London 1928)
[Page 273 line 1] Rhadamanthus a figure in Classical mythology famous for his uprightness and justice. In death he was made the Judge of Hades. His name here may be taken to suggest “be stern judges”.
[Page 275 line 10] Hieratic priestly or sacred.
[Page 275 line19] the fatted calf a reference to Luke 15, 23,27 and 30. In the parable of the Prodigal Son, the father kills the ‘fatted calf’ to serve at a banquet to celebrate the return of his erring son.
[Page 276 line 6] Caxton William Caxton (1422-1491), the first English printer.
[Page 276 lines 9-10] the eleventh plague Exodus, 11 and 12, refer to the ten plagues visited upon Pharoah during the detention of the Israelites in Egypt.
[Page 276 line 12] Decalogue the ten commandments handed down to Moses by God in Old Testament tradition.
[Page 276 line 28] Stationers’ Company the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers, founded in 1403.
[Page 277 line 30] the Recording Angel the angel who records the doings of human beings. The Christian Guardian Angel has some of the same qualities.
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