Fifty times the punkah's moan has sounded,The present Editors are rather sceptical about Kipling's authorship of this piece.
Fifty times the summer heat has shimmered ... ]
His life is a long-drawn questionSee our notes on “Recessional" (1897); also the earlier “Ave Imperatrix”.
Between a crop and a crop.
...The demonstration tailed off, but I had seen a great light ... I was a hireling, paid to do what I was paid to do – and, I did not relish the idea.Charles Allen (p.241) notes how Kipling’s verses occasionally took the Government of India to task for various omissions and commissions, observing:
One of the most remarkable was written in response to the numerous public celebrations and events staged to mark Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee. Published in the CMG in 1887 and given a metre which matches the plod of the ox at the plough or the wheel over the well “What the People Said” suggests that the Queen-Empress and her Empire meant nothing to the vast bulk of the Indian populace ... India’s peasants are concerned only with their crops and the harvest...
These verses anticipate and rehearse Kipling’s more famous meditation on Empire set down in “Recessional” a decade later, marking tbe Queen’s Diamond Jubilee of 1897.