"How the
Rhinoceros
got his Skin"

Notes on the text

These notes draw on those written by Lisa Lewis for the OXFORD WORLD'S CLASSICS edition of Just So Stories (1995) with the kind permission of Oxford University Press, together with material from the Kipling Society's ORG. The page numbers below refer to the Macmillan Uniform Edition of Just So Stories.



[April 20 2005]

[Page 27, initial] This drawing imitates Mexican art. The main figure’s bird costume is Mayan, and its flanking figures are probably jaguars (see the Just So Story “The Beginning of the Armadilloes”). The elongated figure around the top may be intended for the plumed serpent Quetzalcoatl: both this and the jaguar were important religious symbols.

[Page 27, line 4] Parsee
Descendant of refugees who settled in India after the Arab invasion of Persia in the 7th-8th centuries. Followers of the sage Zoroaster, they worship God in the forms of light and fire. The founder of the Bombay School of Art, where Kipling’s father was employed at the time of his birth, was a Parsee called Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy.

The hat would have been a cap resembling a European hat without a brim, sloping backwards from the forehead, made of stiff, shiny material with a diapered pattern.

[Page 28, lines 5-6] the three buttons In St Nicholas Magazine, the skin “buttoned up the back”, and so the buttons appear in Herford’s drawing.






[Page 28, lines 10-12] wheel-thing … one of Pharaoh’s chariots See Exodus, 14, 25. The writing on the wheel reads “’ptian Army No. 17635”, with some hieroglyphs on the other side. The initials “R.K.” can be seen under the Rhinoceros’s foot.

[Page 28, line 14] Pestonjee Bomonjee This was the name of a real Parsee who was one of Kipling’s father’s students at the Bombay School of Art, afterwards a well-known artist (Kipling Journal, 45, March 1938, p. 24).

[Page 31, lines 18-9] Mazanderan, Socotra … Larger Equinox

Mazanderan is a province of Iran, lying between the Caspian Sea and the Elburz mountains.

Socotra is an island in the Indian Ocean, off the Horn of Africa, about 150 miles east of Cape Gardafui.

The Promontories of the Larger Equinox is a nonsense phrase.

[Page 31, line 22] Sloka A distich that should consist of two lines of sixteen syllables each or of four octosyllable half-lines. It is the chief verse-form of the Sanskrit epics. In St Nicholas Magazine, only the first and last lines were given.

[Page 36, lines 24-6] Oratavo … Sonaput These names are all imaginary, but have echoes of the names of real places. For instance, Sonapur in India; Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar, later called Tananarive; Orotava, a port in Tenerife in the Canary Islands.

In St Nicholas Magazine, this sentence continued:

- where all small people – beginning to breathe slowly and evenly – must inevitably accompany him – in order to arrive easily and unknowingly – at the enormous battlements of the luxurious city of Uninterrupted Slumber.
One might compare the poem “The City of Sleep” in “The Brushwood Boy,” in The Day’s Work.


[L.L.]

©Lisa Lewis 2005 All rights reserved