THE NEW ARMY IN
Notes on the text
Edited by Roger Ayers. In preparing these notes, the Editor has drawn where appropriate on those of the ORG. The page and line numbers are based on those of the booklet (above) published in London by Macmillan in 1915. Since this is not widely available we have also reproduced the text on this site, with links to the notes. The titles vary in some cases between English and American publication; we have used the English titles in these notes.
It amounted to:[Page 14, line 10] the sin of soldiering. In the 19th century, 'going for a soldier' was seen in some circles as equivalent to going to the devil, so much so that recruits sometimes enlisted under an assumed name. Popular voluntary service became respectable in the South African War of 1899-1902 but despite this and many improvements introduced by the War Office, in 1914 old ideas still persisted and had to be overcome by some of the New Army recruits.
In addition to this, there was to be a compulsory allotment from a soldiers pay on going abroad of:
- wife, no children, 7s. 7d.;
- wife and one child, 8s. 9d.;
- wife and two children, 9s. 11d.;
- wife and three children, 11s. 1d.;
- wife and four children, 12s. 3d.
If there was no other source of income, i.e., if the wife or children did not work, the Soldiers and Sailors Families Association undertook to contribute an additional sum:
- wife, no children, 3s. 6d.;
- wife and one child, 4s. 1d.;
- wife and two children, 4s. 8d.;
- wife and three children, 5s. 3d.;
- wife and four children, 5s. 3d.
Total weekly income wife only, 1s. 5d. 12s. 6d. wife and one child, 1s. 8d. 14s. 6d. wife and two children, 1s. 11d. 16s. 6d. wife and three children, 2s. 2d. 18s. 6d. wife and four children, 2s. 6d. 20s. 0d.
And if the rent was more than 5s. a week, an additional grant might be made by the Soldiers and Sailors Families Association or the National Relief Fund.
This had little effect on recruiting, so in mid-September additional allowances were approved taking a wife alone to 13s. 11d., and a wife with two children to 19s. 5d. The allowances were to be drawn weekly from the Post Office from 1 October but delays in getting the system set up resulted in hundreds of families not receiving the allowances in October and November and having to be supported by SSFA and other charitable funds. The resulting bad publicity did nothing to help recruiting but by December, when Kipling was writing, things were beginning to be sorted out.
Who were you with last night?[Page 26, line 24] big-ends In internal-combustion or compression-ignition engines, a big-end bearing sits between the connecting rod and the crankshaft, one for each cylinder. The bearing surfaces in early engines were prone to fail if not well fitted and lubricated and resurfacing or replacement was a common requirement.
Who were you with last night?
It wasn't your sister.
It wasn't you ma.
Ah,ah, ah, ah, a' a' a' a'.
Who were you with last night
Out in the pale moonlight?
I am going to tell your missus
When you get home
Who you were with last night.