(notes edited by John Radcliffe. We have been grateful for comments and suggestions from Alastair Wilson and a number of other colleagues)
How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning ! How art thou cut down to the ground. which didst weaken the nations !.In Christian tradition Lucifer came to be identified with Satan, who tempted Adam and Eve, as told in Milton's Paradise Lost (1667), but it seems that here Kipling was only concerned with this young man's fall.
Some people will tell you that if there were but a single loaf of bread in all India it would be divided equally between the Plowdens, the Trevors, the Beadons, and the Rivett-Carnacs. That is only one way of saying that certain families serve India generation after generation, as dolphins follow in line across the open sea.fellow-whelps fellow new recruits A whelp is a young dog, that knows nothing of the world, and has to be 'licked into shape'.
It came to pass after the death of Hezekiah that Manasseh reigned, who forgat his father's precepts...See The Internet Archive. We are cautious about this reference, but Kipling certainly had an extensive knowledge of the Bible, Apocryphal or otherwise.